Higgins, J. S., Gerard. Hervet, Vlassopoulos, D., Horst, R. and Wolf, B. A.
"Shear influences of polymer blends: experimental, theoretical approaches and technical implications"
Macromolecular Symposia 2000, 149, 165-170.
Abstract: We examine the effects of shear on polymer blends consisting of partially miscible components, i.e. systems close to the phase boundary. The eminent phenomenon is the shift of the phase boundary, either extending the homogeneous area (flow-induced mixing) or the opposite effect (flow-induced demixing). The kinetics of the demixing process and concentration fluctuations are also influenced by flow fields, inducing anisotropy due to the flow direction. Experiments (scattering, rheology, in-situ flow-scattering, microscopy, DSC) are carried out with the academic model blend polystyrene/poly(vinyl methyl ether) and the industrial poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride)/poly (methyl methacrylate) blend. The experimental results are rationalised in terms of a generalised Gibbs energy of mixing by including the energy which is stored in the sheared fluids.
preprint number: 204b