Maggioni, J. F., Eich, A., Wolf, B. A. and Nunes Pereira, S.

"On the viscosity of moderately concentrated solutions of poly(ether imide) in a mixed solvent of marginal quality"

Polymer Communication 2000, 41, 4743-4746.

Abstract: Viscosities h were measured for moderately concentrated (15.5 wt%) solutions of poly(ether imide) (PEI) as a function of the composition of the cosolvent tetrahydrofuran (THF) plus gbutyrolactone (gBL). The solutions are almost by a factor of four less viscous when THF predominates than when gBL is the major component of the solvent mixture. Furthermore the viscosity passes a minimum as the composition of the mixed solvent is varied. Both observations can be well understood in terms of the viscosities of the mixed solvents and the hydrodynamic interaction between the polymer molecules. The pronounced dissymmetry of h as a function of the composition of the mixed solvent results from the fact that the viscosity of gBL is three times larger than that of THF. The minimum in h reflects the dependence of the thermodynamic quality of the mixed solvent on its composition. With increasing predominance of one component the solvent deteriorates and additional polymer/polymer contacts - leading to an augmentation of h - are formed.

preprint number: 205