Schnell, M. and Wolf, B. A.

"Excess Viscosity and Glass Transition"

Polymer 2001, 42, 21, 8599-8605

Abstract: Literature data on the viscosity of solutions of poly(butyl methacrylate) [PBMA] and poly(methyl methacrylate) [PMMA] in diethyl phthalate [DEP] for different temperatures, including the range around and below Tg, the glass transition temperatures of the pure polymers, were evaluated by means of an approach that uses surface fractions as composition variables. The discussion of these results together with information on solutions of the isomeric polymers poly(vinyl acetate) [PVAc] and poly(methyl acrylate) [PM(A)] in the same solvent testifies that the previously communicated relations remain valid for T<Tg. They enable the determination of the viscosities of the pure polymers below Tg by extrapolating solution data to vanishing solvent content. The temperature dependencies of the data obtained in this manner demonstrate that the viscosity of PBMA rises upon cooling as expected according to the WLF equation, whereas the increase is lower by several orders of magnitude for PMMA and PVAc. These observations and the temperature dependencies of the system specific parameters of the present approach are discussed in detail.

preprint number: 220