Eckelt, J., Wolf, B.A.
"Continuous Spin Fractionation: A large scale method to improve the performance of polymers"
POLYMERIC MATERIALS IN POWER ENGINEERING 2007, submitted.
Abstract: Most technical polymers and many biopolymers
contain very different molecular species (unlike chain length, molecular architecture
and/or chemical composition) in contrast to pure low molecular weight compounds.
This inconsistent constitution of macromolecules proves very adverse in many
cases. An adequate fractionation of polydisperse polymers is therefore mandatory.
Very efficient means are available for analytical purposes. However, these methods break down as soon as the required amount of product exceeds some ten grams. In order to gain access to large enough quantities of sufficiently uniform polymer samples, we have developed a special kind of extraction process called Continuous Spin Fractionation (CSF). The better soluble macromolecular species are preferentially transferred from a feed phase (concentrated polymer solution) into a pickup phase (solvent of tailored thermodynamic quality). The main problem of the procedure lies in the high viscosities of reasonably concentrated polymer solutions, impeding the attainment of thermodynamic equilibria. This hurdle could be cleared by means of spinning nozzles through which the feed is pressed into the pickup phase. CSF can be implemented to any soluble polymer and is likewise apt for the production of small and of large amounts of polymer samples with the required uniformity. This contribution explains how to customize CSF to the polymer of interest and presents a number of typical examples.
preprint number: 285